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How to Measure Flour (2 Ways)

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Accurately measuring flour can be a struggle if you don’t know the proper technique – and it can seriously impact the quality of your baked goods! With this step-by-step tutorial, you’ll never have to wonder how to measure flour again.

A measuring cup overflowing with flour that has been spooned into it little by little

The Best Methods for Measuring Flour

Have you ever carefully followed a recipe only to end up with dry, crumbly cookies or tough, dense cupcakes? Well, chances are you over-measured your flour. This is a super common baking mishap that’s not talked about as often as it should be.

But fear not! There are actually a couple of super easy ways to avoid miscalculating the amount of flour you’re supposed to use in a recipe. Let’s get started!

A food scale, a tub of flour, measuring spoons and measuring cups arranged on a marble surface

Measuring Flour With a Food Scale

Measuring your flour with a food scale is the best way to ensure accuracy. For that reason, it’s definitely my preferred method. Since a scale measures the weight of the flour rather than the amount of space it takes up, it makes for much more precision. This is called measuring flour by weight.

Measure Your Cup: Before you actually measure any flour, you’ll want to determine the weight of your measuring cup. Once you know how much it weighs, you can subtract that number from the weight that you get when the flour is inside of the cup. This is called “taring”.

Prep the Flour: Before you scoop your measuring cup into the flour, fluff it up a few times to make sure it’s not too compact.

Fill Your Cup: Scoop your cup directly into the fluffed-up flour, leaving some free space at the top of the cup to compensate for any packing that took place during the scoop. Brush any excess flour off the sides and bottom of the measuring cup. Alternatively, you can use a spoon to fill your measuring cup little by little.

Weigh & Adjust: Place your filled measuring cup onto the food scale. For all of the recipes on my site, 1 cup of flour is equivalent to 140 grams. Continue filling the measuring cup with flour if needed – and remove some from the cup if you have too much.

A cup of flour on a kitchen scale weighing 140 grams

How Much Does a Cup of Flour Weigh in Grams?

There’s no exact way to determine cups to grams, as every brand is different. If you’re using King Arthur Flour or Gold Medal Flour, 1 cup will weigh 120 grams. Keep in mind that this applies to this brands’ all-purpose flour only.

You’ll find varying opinions on the internet as to what 1 cup of flour should weigh. When I started weighing ingredients, I used a table that indicated 1 cup of flour is 140g. So on my website, my recipes are developed with this method.

Cake flour, whole wheat flour, and gluten-free flour have their own unique conversion rates. I recommend referring to the weight measurements provided on the packaging of the flour. This way, you’ll know exactly how much 1/4 cup, 1/3 cup, 1/2 cup or one full cup of the flour should weigh and you can match that up with your food scale’s measurements if needed.

Measuring With the Spoon and Level Method

If you don’t have access to a food scale, the spoon and level method is the way to go. As the name suggests, this method involves spooning your flour into the measuring cup little by little, then leveling it off at the top. You’ll still get some variance with this recipe, but without a scale, this is the best option. Here’s how to do it properly:

Prep the Flour: Before you grab that spoon and start scooping, you’ll want to give your flour a good fluff so that it’s nice and light.

Fill Your Cup: Spoon the fluffed-up flour into your measuring cup until it’s overflowing. Go back in and re-fluff the flour as you’re working to avoid spooning compacted flour into your cup.

A standard-size spoon scooping some fluffed-up flour into a measuring cup

Level it Off: Use a butter knife or another thin and flat kitchen utensil to level off your flour at the top, sliding it right along the brim of the cup.

How to Prevent Over Measuring

Now that you know how to measure flour, let’s review some important takeaways. Here’s to getting perfectly textured baked goods every time!

  • Fluff it Up: No matter what type (or brand) of flour you’re using, it will naturally become compact as it sits in the bag. Don’t forget to fluff it up before you measure it! You can do this by simply stirring the flour about a bit with a spoon before you begin measuring it.
  • Use Dry Measuring Cups: Certain measuring cups are designed for dry ingredients while others are meant for liquids. Be sure to use the dry ones whenever you’re working with flour.
  • Know Your Flour: It’s always a good idea to double check the weight measurements that correspond to the flour you’re using. These should be made clear on the product’s packaging.
A butter knife leveling off a cup of spooned-in flour at the top

More Helpful Baking Tutorials

Want more ways to ensure that your baked goods come out flawless? Check out these step-by-step tutorials next!

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