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How to Use and Decorate with Piping Tips

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Let me teach you how to use piping tips to create beautiful cupcakes, cakes and sugar cookies. You’ll learn about the different types of piping techniques and the ways you can decorate with them. 


A collage of a piping bag filled with purple frosting and a few decorated cupcakes

I’m guilty of scrolling through Instagram ooing and awing over the talented bakers and cake decorators and I believe that everyone can learn to decorate beautiful cupcakes, cakes and sugar cookies.

You don’t need to be intimidated. Practice does really help, but I’d like to show you some really easy ways to decorate using your standard piping tips.

Prior to starting my blog, I took the Wilton cake decorating class at my local craft shop. I had plenty of experience baking but not too much experience when it came to decorating. That class gave me a foundation to get started. 

I became obsessed with learning how to use piping tips and how to achieve different looks with them. Now I want to teach you everything I’ve learned along the way. 

A gorgeous plate of sugar cookies decorated with vanilla buttercream

Why is a good buttercream recipe important.

I am super passionate about frosting. As a child and into my young adulthood, I hated frosting and ate just the cake. Then I learned to make my own frosting, and it was a total game changer for me.

My vanilla frosting recipe was one of the first frosting recipes I posted back in 2014 and has been one of my most popular recipes to date. It’s been viewed millions of times with dozens and dozens and of comments and reviews.

It’s also one of the best buttercream recipes for piping and decorating. My recipe starts with COLD BUTTER, which allows you to really control the consistency of the buttercream.

Often times when attempting to make frosting you can end up with something soupy or runny, too soft to work with and doesn’t hold up well once it’s been piped. This happens because the butter you started with was too soft, or you added too much liquid.

Once you nail a good buttercream, then it’s about learning how to use piping tips.

A small jar of piped vanilla buttercream with a full piping bag sitting next to it

Helpful tutorials for decorating cupcakes and cakes 

How to make buttercream frosting: I mentioned above my favorite recipe for vanilla buttercream, but if you’d like a deep dive into the how & why be sure to take a look at my tutorial for making frosting.

Decorating cupcakes: I wrote an entire post dedicated to decorating gorgeous bakery style cupcakes. In that post I go into detail about each of the large (or jumbo) piping tips. My favorite 6-piece starter kit is under $10. It’s what I use 95% of the time. However in this post I show you ways to decorate your cupcakes using standard size piping tips.

Cupcakes lined up in a row to show the different types of piping tips you can use to decorate cupcakes

Learn how to use a piping bag: If you want to use piping tips, you’ll need to know how to use a piping bag. In this post I go into great detail on topics like how to use a piping bag and tip with a coupler, or without a coupler. How to fill a piping bag, the various sizes I recommend using and much more!

Learn how to color buttercream: Choosing a color for your buttercream can be a difficult task. Here you’ll find the answers to all your questions about products to use, how much to use and how to color buttercream.

a photo showing you how to use a coupler

Learn the types decorating tips and how to use them

All piping tips are categorized by shape and they come in various sizes. There’s so much you can do with them! However, if you want a traditional, bakery style cupcake, you’ll need some large or jumbo tips and we’ll talk about that too. 

Types of decorating tips

  • Open Star
  • Closed Star
  • Open Round
  • Drop Flower
  • Petal and Leaf Tips
  • Basket weave and Mutli Opening Tips
  • Russian tips

Let’s do a deeper dive into some of these.

Open Star

This is one of my favorites and one I use the most often. My most common sizes are size 18 and size 21. This is one of the quickest and fastest way to decorate sugar cookies, you can never go wrong!  For the jumbo open star, look to size 826 (Ateco) or 4/6/8 B (Wilton).

The Wilton 1M piping tip falls into this category. The 1M tip is use for roses but also makes beautiful designs for rosettes and boarders for cakes. It’s a very versatile option.

A visual of how to make buttercream designs with open star tips

an open star piping tip used in 3 ways to show decorated cupcakes

Closed Star

I don’t really have any of the small closed star tips (number 24-35). They have a similar aesthetic to the open star but they’re more closed and tighter.

However, the jumbo size Ateco 846/848/849 are closed stars and these are my favorite, most-used tips. I use these for rosettes and boarders and is one of my go-to decorating tips for frosting cupcakes.

A cupcake frosted with an Ateco 846 Piping Tip, a Closed Star Tip

French Star 

Wilton classifies the 199 tip as open star, but I think they’re more commonly referred to as French Star tips. The tip 199 is great for small accents and rosettes but I prefer the jumbo size Ateco 866.

A visual of how to make buttercream designs with a French Star Tip

a French star piping tip used in 3 ways to show decorated cupcakes


Round tips 

These are really my favorites tips to use for decorating sugar cookies! I like to use size 5 Otherwise these are most commonly used for writing on cakes and the larger ones are used to help with filling cakes and cupcakes.

I don’t think you need anything smaller than a size 3 because otherwise it’s super tight. Size 12 is another common size I find helpful.

The jumbo size 808/809 (Ateco) are what I use to fill all my cakes and sometimes as decorations for boarders of cheesecakes or anytime you have a frosting that might have chunks of cookies or something in it.

A visual of how to make buttercream designs with open round tips

Drop flower

Drop flower tips are used to easily pipe basic flower designs with a single tip. This is one of the first few techniques that we learned in our class, but I hardly ever use them now.

The most common drop flower tip I use is actually the 2D. It’s one of the larger ones and makes for a beautifully decorated cupcake and used for large rosettes.

A cupcake decorating with a 2D piping tip, also known as a drop star tip

Petal and Leaf Tips

These are used for exactly that, to pipe petals and leaves for flowers. The leaf tip has a V-shape opening. You could also create a boarder with this tip, it’s a creative and unique way to decorate.

The petal tip is more of a tear drop type shape and used to create different types of petals for flowers. However, the it is also great for decorating boarders and I love the aesthetic when used in a non-conventional way like I used for my Unicorn Cupcakes as shown below in the teal color. 

A close up shot of the top of a unicorn cupcake showing the rosettes, ribbons and buttercream frosting swirls

Basket weave and Multi opening tips

If you think of a traditional Easter carrot cake design, you’ve probably seen the basket weave tip. It’s flat on one edge and ridged on the other and depending on which way you use them you’ll end up with a different appearance. I don’t use it often, but it’s a good one to have on hand.

I actually use the jumbo size 789 icer tip as a means to frost the sides of layer cakes. It covers a large area and allows for a consistent amount of frosting around the outside edges.

When I am referring to a multi opening tip, I am referring to what is commonly called a grass tip. You’ll see this commonly used to create a grass effect or a scary, hairy monster cupcake.

A visual of how to make buttercream designs using grass, leaf and petal tips

Russian tips

I have not used Russian tips before. They became very popular a couple years ago and do create beautiful floral designs. There’s a lost more frosting to push through the various holes though.

Basic Piping tips you need for decorating

If you want to practice and start your own collection of piping tips, here are my recommendations. One or two of each one will take you a long way. You can even use them with different colors, if you are using couplers. These can be purchased individually at craft stores or from Amazon, but I find they are more affordable in store. 

Basic Sizes:

Jumbo sizes:

Really all you need to start is the 6-piece starter kit from Ateco to start. It comes with a set of 2 open round (804, 808), 1 open star (827), 1 closed star (864), 1 French star (846), and 1 basket weave tube (898).

I have filled in with a couple of sizes as needed, which can be purchased from cake supply stores or online.

6 piping bags filled with Ateco jumbo piping tips

Of course, you’ll also need some piping bags, and I recommend starting with a 12-inch piping bag for small amounts of frosting and a 16 or 18-inch piping bag for larger amounts. I also recommend purchasing some couplers so that you can easily change out the tips.

Cleaning and Storage

To clean your tips, first remove as much of the frosting as possible. Then soak the tips in hot and soapy water prior to cleaning. Hot water helps eliminate some of the greasiness from the butter in your frosting.

Next, run them under hot water to remove any remaining frosting. For the smaller tips you might need a toothpick, and then wipe them clean with a cloth and let them air dry.

Piping tips are best stored straight up on some type of peg to maintain the shape and while they do sell container for them, I purchased mine nearly 10 year ago but it’s not practical and doesn’t really work well. For my jumbo tips, I keep them in a small Tupperware dish.

A box filled with piping tips and couplers

More fun decorating tutorials:

Once you’ve nailed the basic techniques, you’re ready to take your cookies, cake and cupcakes to the next level.

An overhead view of a cake decorated with buttercream roses and buttercream flowers

Leave a Comment

9 Responses
  1. Mere

    Hi, I’m from Fiji. I am a beginner in decorating cakes. Baking is my hobby and sometimes I fail in making butter for cream. After reading through your blogs and the videos helped me alot. Thanks. Hoping to learn more from your piping tips and the layering of the cakes. Vinaka (thank you in Fijian language)

  2. Gift

    I’ve been finding it difficult to decorate my cakes but after your tutorial class I’m super good to go. Thanks
    Looking forward to learn how to make ice cream cake 🙏

  3. Shirley

    gooday these piping bags is it normal plastic bags , and how do I put the front gadgets on if it’s normal bags tht we buy in the super market.Thanx In advance
    Shirley Mjolly

  4. Jean Huxtable

    I may be stupid, but I can never find the recipes that you show on your site! I fancy many of them, but can never find them. I.e buttercream cupcakes, ingredients and method. In fact all recipes. You talk about the background which is great but I like to just get into the recipes!

    1. Julianne - Beyond Frosting
      Beyond Frosting

      Hi Jean- this post in particular does not have a recipe. However, most blog posts do, and it may be that you aren’t scrolling down far enough? Also at the top of the page there’s a “jump to recipe” button which allows you to bypass the blog post and go right to the recipe.

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